[Webinar] How to better optimize an oncology drug discovery program
Register for this webinar discussing how conventional and innovative integrated technological skills should be incorporated into an oncology program.Read more
Aleksandr Ianevski, Rouan Yao, Hilde Lysvand, Gunnveig Grødeland, Nicolas Legrand, Valentyn Oksenych, Eva Zusinaite, Tanel Tenson, Magnar Bjørås, Denis E Kainov
SARS-CoV-2 and its vaccine/immune-escaping variants continue to pose a serious threat to public health due to a paucity of effective, rapidly deployable, and widely available treatments. Here, we address these challenges by combining Pegasys (IFNα) and nafamostat to effectively suppress SARS-CoV-2 infection in cell culture and hamsters. Our results indicate that Serpin E1 is an important mediator of the antiviral activity of IFNα and that both Serpin E1 and nafamostat can target the same cellular factor TMPRSS2, which plays a critical role in viral replication. The low doses of the drugs in combination may have several clinical advantages, including fewer adverse events and improved patient outcome. Thus, our study may provide a proactive solution for the ongoing pandemic and potential future coronavirus outbreaks, which is still urgently required in many parts of the world.
Ref: Viruses. 2021 Sep 4;13(9):1768.doi: 10.3390/v13091768.