Unraveling the Interaction between Carboxylesterase 1c and the Antibody-Drug Conjugate SYD985: Improved Translational PK/PD by Using Ces1c Knockout Mice

Authors:

Ruud Ubink, Eef H C Dirksen, Myrthe Rouwette, Ebo S Bos, Ingrid Janssen, David F Egging, Eline M Loosveld, Tanja A van Achterberg, Kim Berentsen, Miranda M C van der Lee, Francis Bichat, Olivier Raguin, Monique A J van der Vleuten, Patrick G Groothuis, Wim H A Dokter

Abstract:

Carboxylesterase 1c (CES1c) is responsible for linker-drug instability and poor pharmacokinetics (PK) of several antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) in mice, but not in monkeys or humans. Preclinical development of these ADCs could be improved if the PK in mice would more closely resemble that of humans and is not affected by an enzyme that is irrelevant for humans. SYD985, a HER2-targeting ADC based on trastuzumab and linker-drug vc-seco-DUBA, is also sensitive to CES1c. In the present studies, we first focused on the interaction between CES1c and SYD985 by size- exclusion chromatography, Western blotting, and LC/MS-MS analysis, using recombinant CES1c and plasma samples. Intriguingly, CES1c activity not only results in release of the active toxin DUBA but also in formation of a covalent bond between CES1c and the linker of vc-seco-DUBA. Mass spectrometric studies enabled identification of the CES1c cleavage site on the linker-drug and the structure of the CES1c adduct. To assess the in vivo impact, CES1c-/- SCID mice were generated that showed stable PK for SYD985, comparable to that in monkeys and humans. Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) studies in these mice showed enhanced efficacy compared with PDX studies in CES1c+/+ mice and provided a more accurate prediction of clinical efficacy of SYD985, hence delivering better quality data. It seems reasonable to assume that CES1c-/- SCID mice can increase quality in ADC development much broader for all ADCs that carry linker-drugs susceptible to CES1c, without the need of chemically modifying the linker-drug to specifically increase PK in mice. Mol Cancer Ther; 17(11); 2389-98. ©2018 AACR.

Ref: Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 Nov; 17(11):2389-2398. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-18-0329. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

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